CDIO Methodologies for Medical Devices
Speaker: A. Diaz Lantada
This lesson introduces the engineering design process, a methodical series of steps (or methodology) that engineers use in creating functional products, processes and systems for secure and straight-forward developments. This methodology is presented in a form adapted to the special challenges of the biomedical industry and with advices for better tackling medical needs. The conceive-design-implement-operate phases are detailed covering aspects including: medical needs, market analyses, product specifications, global functions, conceptual designs, basic engineering & prototyping issues, detailed engineering topics, production planning and supply chain questions and overall sustainable development concerns. The steps are illustrated by means of a real case of study for providing participants with an overview of the process to live along the design school with their biomedical projects.
Standards and regulations on Medical Devices
Speaker: Alice Ravizza
Standards and regulations on Medical Device: the presentation will describe the risk based approach to controlling the placing on the market of medical devices in Europe and the means of compliance to the essential requirements for safety and performance. The classification of medical devices based on risk will be described and justified. The main standards for design, manufacturing and testing medical devices will be briefly explained.
Fabrication Technologies for prototyping and manufacturing
The class will describe the fundamentals in Computer Numerical Control (CNC) tools, including additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, for prototyping and manufacturing medical devices.
In particular, the participant will go through the fabrication cycle of a personalized medical device from scanning data and the Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) 3D printer.
Usability of medical devices
Speaker: Alice Ravizza
Usability of medical device: the presentation will describe methods to identify use error- related risks in the use of medical devices, methods for designing medical devices according to Human factors engineering principles and for identification of mitigation measures to use error- related risk, methods for testing normal and abnormal use of medical devices
Speaker: Mannan Mridha
This workshop will have four measuring stations:
- Study some characteristics like, accuracy, linearity and response time of RTD, thermistors and thermocouples.
- Recording ECG signals by selecting the suitable amplification and filters.
- Recoring heart rate using piezoelctric sensors and optical sensor.
- Measruing energy delivered from a paacemaker.
Speaker: Prof. Arti Ahluwalia
Color Medical Image Processing and Short introduction to Matlab
Speaker: Dawit Haile
The Workshop is composed of two parts: a first part on “A short introduction to Matlab” and a second part on “Color Medical Image Processing“, which will be focused on
- Representaion of Color Images
- Color Image Fourier Transforms
- Color Edge Detection and Segmentation
Speaker: June Madete
This workshop uses Biomechanics (body as a machine) principles to analyse motion. It will focus on calculating the orientation of a body in a three-dimensional space using a maker based system and show how 3 coordinates, x,y,z, can be transformed to motion of the Knee. In addition, compare the marker data to CT scans and Fluoroscopy and show how engineering principles can be applied to clinical data to.
Electronic rapid prototyping
Speaker: Philippa Makobore
- Presentation on rapid electronics prototyping tools and rationale for selecting example project for rapid prototyping
- Identifying/understanding clauses from the Baby Incubator medical device standards related to temperature monitoring and control
- Adapt standards as requirements
- Draw block diagram, schematic and connect circuit on a breadboard with guidance from facilitators
- Draw flowchart, write sample code
- Walk through a more comprehensive software and testing
Creativity promotion in Medical Devices
Speaker: A. Diaz Lantada
This workshop aims to “deconstruct” creativity and presents creativity promotion as a methodic process, which can be understood and systematically trained. A set of creativity promotion techniques, linked to the main stages of the creative process, namely generation, association and evaluation, are presented and actively employed during the workshop by teams of participants. Connections with common engineering design methodologies and with the CDIO approach are presented, which will serve teams of students during their design tasks along their biomedical project implementation. Cases of study in relation with innovative medical devices developments are discussed to illustrate these methods and techniques.
Mass production by injection molding
Speaker: Juan de Juanes Marquez
This workshop focuses on mass production technologies in the biomedical field and pays special attention to injection molding for the creation of large series of polymeric components. The fundamentals of injection molding are introduced and essential design for mass production recommendations are provided and illustrated by means of real cases of study. The capabilities of Autodesk Moldflow, the most extended simulation software employed in the plastic part production sector, are presented and applied to real biodevices. Teams of students work together for analyzing the potential mass production of their biomedical projects and prepare a conceptual design of the related injection molds, while also living a design for manufacturability experience.
Arduino and Matlab for Prototyping Medical Devices
Speaker: Enrique Chacón
In this workshop, students learn to design and create prototypes of an electronic device with Arduino platform. In order to reach that goal, the workshop is divided into two modules:
- Basics of hardware (Arduino, sensors, actuators, basic electronic circuits, etc.) and software (Arduino programming and control with Matlab).
- Perform design, manufacturing and testing projects.
Paper Rapid prototyping
Speaker: Robert Sskitoleko
Paper prototyping is a cost effective and time saving technique that enables that designer to make prototypes from paper or otherwise very cheap and easy to find objects. Unlike computer based models and simulations, paper prototypes helpful in helping the designer easily understand the ease or difficulty in assembling the designed parts. It is also useful in the usability testing where the human interaction with the device can studied. In the workshop, we shall design simple devices and make paper prototypes of the same to explore ways of how they can be very useful to a Design Engineer.
Relationship between economic development and healthcare technology
Speaker: Dr. Victor Konde
Clinical Needs and Medical Equipment Assessment
Speaker: Philippa Makobore
The presentation will be focused on Clinical Needs and Medical Equipment Assessment in Uganda, on the design of Portable Neonate Warmer (PNW) and on a brief Case Study of ECGF
The presentation will discuss background, methodology and results from the clinical needs and medical equipment assessment, with the final aim at giving inputs for ranking needs in the UBORA e-infrastructure.
In vitro model for reducing animal testing in development process of medical devices
Speaker: Prof Arti Ahluwalia
Speaker: Dr. Data Santorino
During this session, participants will learn and discuss
- the concept of affordable health care,
- what is needed to achieve affordable health care,
- bottle necks for the attainment of affordable health,
- Innovation and entrepreneurship opportunities presented by the need for affordable health care.
Soft and smart robots in bioengineering
Speaker: Prof. Danilo De Rossi
Presentation: Building an empathic social robot